Types Of Physiotherapy Treatment Techniques

Posted on: 17 February 2023

Physiotherapy aims to improve, maintain and promote physical health. Consequently, thousands of Australians yearly seek out some form of physical therapy for several issues.   

Depending on the nature of your injury or physical problem, physiotherapists can provide a variety of therapies.

Below we will look at some of the main techniques used by physiotherapists in Australia.  

Range of Motion (ROM) Exercises

When recovering from an injury or surgery, it is generally advised to take it easy. The healing process, however, is sometimes slowed or impeded by immobility. Physiotherapists frequently recommend ROM exercise therapy as a result.

ROM treatment gradually increases movement in the affected muscles and joints. Increasing motion helps avoid muscle atrophy and joint stiffness that can happen after prolonged inactivity.

ROM also promotes better circulation, which aids the body's natural healing processes. ROM exercises can also aid in reducing swelling and realigning damaged tissue.

Soft Tissue Mobilization(STM)

STM, often known as therapeutic massage, entails kneading and rubbing. Your physiotherapist determines the intensity and duration of the massage based on the severity of the injury.

Loosening and relaxing tight and aching muscles are benefits of soft tissue massage. Massage also lessens tissue swelling around inflamed joints and increases blood flow to the affected areas.

Additionally, massage therapy can aid in reducing stress and tension in the body. Lowering stress levels gives the body more time to focus on healing and maintaining a well-functioning system.


Physiotherapy utilising electrical energy has recently seen a surge in popularity. In this form of treatment, electrode pads attach to the skin above the afflicted area to deliver electrical stimulation.

The muscles then contract and release on their own as a result of electrical pulses transmitted through the electrode pads. Muscle movement promotes muscle mobility, prevents muscle atrophy and may make the body more adept at coping with pain.

The use of electrotherapy is often combined with other treatments, such as ultrasound and massage.

Therapeutic ultrasound

Ultrasound is not traditionally associated with physical therapy. But in recent years, medical professionals have been able to use ultrasound sound waves to treat physical injuries.

Ultrasound sound frequencies penetrate deep into the body's tissues, generating gentle heat within the affected area. The heat can promote blood flow, relax muscle tissue, and aid slow healing.

Physical therapy is a constantly changing field that adapts to new scientific techniques. Always seek the advice of a qualified practitioner who can customise your treatment to reduce pain and return you to peak health.


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Howdy! My name is Jen and this is my new blog. While I am not a medical professional, I do have a good understanding of various medical conditions. I gained this understanding when my son Ben was in and out of the hospital. He was born with a weak heart which meant that he has had to have regular medical check-ups and appointments every few months. He is now 21 years old and he has just had surgery to repair his damaged heart. I decided to start this blog so I could offer advice on various health and medical topics.

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